Barley is mainly produced in the Western Cape under dry land conditions. Two-thirds of our barley is produced in the areas around Caledon, Bredasdorp, Napier, Swellendam, Heidelberg and recently, patches of the Swartland region too. The remainer of the barley production is in the Northern Cape under irrigation – Vaalharts, Douglas, Barkley West and Modderrivier. Barley is also grown by some small-scale farmers at Taung in the North West Province.
The barley marketing season in South Africa commences on 1 October and ends on 30 September the following year. After wheat, barley is the most important small grain in South Africa. Its main uses includes:
* production of malt – used for the brewing of beer;
* animal feed; and
* pearl barley.
The planting equipment used for wheat is also suitable for barley. Do not plat barley seed too deep, as this can affect seedling emergence. Planting density can range from 65kg/ha to 100kg/ha depending on the state of the seedbed, planting date, irrigation method and planter used. The average recommended planting density is 80kg/ha, given a 100% germination capacity as well as a 1000 kemel weight of approximately 40kg. Aim to establish 130 to 140 plants/m2 at harvesting. Between 65kg/ha and 80kg/ha seed ought to be sufficient under centre pivot conditions with optimal seedbed preparation.
In -expensive and easy to grow, barley provides exceptional erosion control and weed suppression in semi – arid regions and light soils. It also can fill short rotation niches or serve as a topsoil protecting crop during droughty conditions in any region. It is more salt tolerant than other small grains and can sop up excess subsoil moisture to help prevent saline seep formation. Barley prefers cool dry growing areas. As a spring cover crop, it can be grown farther north than any other cereal grain, largely because of its short growing period. It can also produce more biomass in a shorter time than any other cereal crop.
Quick to establish, barley out-competes weeds largely by absorbing soil moisture during its early growing stages. It also shades out weeds and releases allelopathic chemicals that help suppress them.
Barley can reduce incidence of leaf-hoppers, aphids, army-worms, root – knot nematodes and other pests, a number of studies suggest.
Barley has an upright posture and relatively open canopy that makes it a fine nurse crop for establishing a forage or legume stand. Less competitive than other small grains, barley also uses less water than other covers crops.
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Canola is an oil-seed crop grown mainly in the winter rainfall regions of the Western Cape, although it is also farmed in the North West, Limpopo and Northern Cape provinces. Canola is widely grown for its high quality oil for human consumption.
Although it is among the least discussed, canola seed is a crop experiencing significant growth in South Africa. This particular crop has seen tremendous progression over the past 18 years – from just 17 000 ha in 1998 to 68 075 ha in 2016 and still growing. In line with area plantings canola seed production increased from 21000 tons in 1998 to 108 860 tons in 2016.
Canola is an organic health crop which falls below olive oil, but it is more affordable. It has various health benefits which help alleviate heart disease, diabetes and stroke. Not only is it edible, it is also used by the pharmaceutical industry in their products because it contains omega oil. Oil-seed is harvested and crushed for oil. The by – product will be used for animal feed because it is protein rich.
Canola should ideally be planted after the first autumn rains (15 April – 15 May) once there is sufficient moisture to ensure good germination. One of the most important factors in ensuring an optimum canola yield is to achieve a uniform sized and evenly spaced seedling stand. An evenly space stand will contribute to weed control as the canola plants rapidly shade out later germinating weeds, often a major problem in many other crops. Uniform sized plants assist in making management decisions regarding time to spray, top-dress, swath etc much easier.
Canola should be planted between 15mm and 25mm deep. Ideally a stand of 40 to 50 plants/m2 should be target.. This can be achieved by planting hybrid seed at 2kg/ha to 3kg/ha. Canola is small seeded, thus it is important that the seeds make good contact with the soil to promote germination.
It is vitally important to monitor the canola regularly (every 2 – 3 days) from planting up to the five-leaf stage. Many pests and diseases can cause severe damage in a short space of time to young canola seedlings.Make sure to correctly identify the pest causing the problem and use the chemical registered to control it.
Overall, South Africa’s canola seeds and products market is growing and increasingly becoming interlinked with the global market. It is therefore, important that domestic producers are aware of these emerging global production trends, and plan according.
Interested n starting your own successful canola farming operation?
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Duck meat is a high-value niche product in South Africa. Duck farming is part of poultry farming systems. However, there is a huge difference between duck farming and poultry especially in habits and habitats of duck farming in shelter and population.
Ducks can be raised for meat and eggs. In mos parts of the world, duck ranks next to chicken in terms of egg ad meat production. Starting a duck farming business has numerous advantages as mentioned below:
– Ducks need not only less expensive but simple and non-elaborate housing facilities.
– Ducks need less care or management as they are a very hardy bird.
– You’ll get fresh eggs from ducks as they lay eggs either at night or in the morning.
– As ducks grow faster, you need comparatively less space for raising ducks.
– Ducks are highly resistant to the common avian diseases.
– Ducks eat a wide variety of foods than other birds.
– Along with a less mortality rate, ducks have a longer life than chickens.
Duck Breeds for Egg Production:
* Indian runner;
* White and Grayish Indian runner;
* Khaki Campbell.
Duck Breeds for Meat Production:
# Sweden ducks.
Feeding is the main task for getting better fertile eggs in commercial egg production of a duck farming business. According to duck breeders , on your farm, you can provide nutritious feed. And usually, ducks eats large amounts of food and water than other poultry birds. As legume grain feed works very well, the quantity of feed supply depends on breed, bird age, and purpose (egg layers) or meat producers.
Housing / Shelter
Whether its an intensive or extensive raising system, ducks need safe and secured housing. Although you can use the locally available material to build the shelter, you should ensure proper cross – ventilation of the house along with fresh air flow. Not only require a duck 2 to 3 square feet of floor area, but the house can also be built in high, low dry and wet areas.
As ducks like wet and watery areas, provide both entry and exit points of the house. If you want to keep your duck house secure then you should fence it as well. Also, your building should be floor cemented and keep it deep littering, which should be not less than 5/6 inches.
As ducks don’t mate without water, it’s a must for breeding purposes. For 10 female ducks, 1 male duck is enough for breeding. When five months of age, a high quality and productive duck breed start laying eggs. Instead of ducks, you can use hens for hatching the eggs. Sprinkle the eggs with water occasionally (2 or 3 times per week) during the hatching period.
TO ENABLE YOU TO START A SUCCESSFUL DUCK FARMING OPERATION YOU NEED TO START PUTTING ALL YOUR PLANS/IDEAS ON PAPER WITH A WELL – STRUCTURED AND PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN.
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The Freight Packaging and Logistics Services Industry is an industry that is responsible for providing packing and crating services for the transportation sector of the economy. The industry comprises of businesses that provide consolidation of freight consignments, trade document preparation, packing, crating and otherwise preparing goods for transportation and logistics consulting services.
Some of the key factors that will contribute to growth in this industry include the growth in the manufacturing sector, consumption, international trade and also the increase in technology reliance will provide new opportunities for logistics consulting and advisory services, particularly for distribution chain networks and logistics.
While a fair amount of investment is being made by various stakeholders to upgrade the country’s rail networks so as to be sufficient to meet future demand, currently the transport of goods and services is still largely reliant on the road transport – and this is a massive opportunity for FMCG logistical and transport companies.
One of the most important things to do to run a successful logistics and transport company is to understand your costs. Don’t take any short cuts and remember quality controls as well as stringent maintenance to all vehicles is crucial.
Besides the capital outlay for equipment and vehicles, other expenses have also to be considered:
– Garage or other facilities for vehicles stored;
– Additional security features;
– Routine servicing and maintenance of all vehicles;
– Repairs to scratches, wear and tear (tyres);
– Fuel costs;
– Cleaning of all vehicles;
– Parking costs for business use;
– Toll charges for business use;
– Traffic Fines;
– Marketing and Advertising costs.
TO ENABLE YOU TO START AND RUN A SUCCESSFUL LOGISTICS/TRANSPORT BUSINESS YOU NEED TO START WITH PUTTING TOGETHER A WELL-STRUCTURED AND PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN BACKED BY PROPER FINANCIAL STATEMENTS. NEED MORE INFORMATION OR PROFESSIONAL HELP CALL US NOW AT (27)84 583 3143 OR SEND US AN EMAIL TO: email@example.com
The recycling industry has become an integral part of modern society not only due to its social and economic impact but also because it plays a vital role for the future of our planet.
Most people think a recycling business is all about collecting soda cans, bottles and old paper, but in fact, most profitable recycling businesses concentrate on other items and materials, such as the gold found in computers and cell phones, used tyres, or re-selling household goods.
The current growing population and economy, results in increased volumes of waste generated. This puts pressure on waste management facilities, which are already in short supply and cannot handle the demand for service provision. Inadequate waste services lead to unpleasant living conditions and a polluted, unhealthy environment.
Recycling Business Ideas:
Recycling of Aluminum Cans.
Recycling of Scrap Gold.
Recyclable Waste Collection Centre.
Recycling of Construction Waste.
Electronic Waste Recycling.
Cooking Oil Filtration & Recycling.
Home Items Recycling.
The waste management sector evolves every year as South Africa makes steady steps towards a greener and more sustainable future. Opportunities for businesses and investors are constantly growing and appearing as new technologies and methods of waste management are discovered.
The recycling business is very competitive, and much of the competition is from large, established businesses. Therefore, market research is absolutely essential. You need to investigate what and how many recycling businesses already exist in your area where you will be able to sell your products and for how much etc.
The amount of money that you will need to start your recycling business will vary greatly depending on what kind of operation you planning to run. Expenses might include:
Vehicles to haul recyclable’s;
A space to store/sell recyclable’s;
Machinery to process recyclable’s;
Money to pay people for their recyclable’s;
All of the research you have done to plan your business will come together in your business plan, which is a formal document that outlines how you will develop and run your business.
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